Morgan was born in London, England,
but lived in Morriston, Swansea, for 11 years and was a pupil at
Morriston Comprehensive School and then studied a BTEC
Performing Arts course at Gorseinon College, now Gower College
Swansea, before moving back to London to study at the Central
School of Speech and Drama in his late teens.
He starred in the first series of the Sky One Television
Series Hex, as Troy and has appeared in supporting roles
in the films Alexander and Master and Commander: The
Far Side of the World and the BBC2 miniseries, The Line
of Beauty. He has also appeared the television series Doc
Martin and Casualty and he played William in Mansfield
Park alongside Billie Piper. In 2010 he played the title
role in the mini-series “Ben Hur” which first aired on CBC
television in Canada and ABC TV in America, on April 4, 2010.
He plays Klaus in The CW’s show The Vampire Diariesand
played Lysander in the 2011 film Immortals,
alongside Henry Cavill.
BuddyTV ranked him #84 on its list of “TV’s Sexiest Men of
How to increase low water flow rate in your shower head or bath
Summary: Low water flow to a shower head can be caused by a low-flow rough-in
Every hotel I've ever been to has a high pressure shower head that blasts me with more water
than I could ever need. But the one in my house sends out just a trickle by
comparison. I know there is a federal regulation that requires shower heads to
produce no more than 2.5 Gallons Per Minute (GPM) at 80 PSI but I assume hotels
are also bound by those rules. I've been baffled by this problem and for years I
didn't know how to fix it. Now I've finally figured it out.
I measured the water flow rate from my shower head and got 1.0 GPM, but I can
get nearly 10 GPM from the utility sink in my basement. Even when the shower
head and tub spout are removed the water flow is 1.4 GPM or less from the bare
pipe, so I know it's not the fault of the restrictor in the shower head. I have
40 PSI municipal water and copper pipes throughout the house. Here are the
measurements I took:
Shower head: 1.0 GPM
Bathtub spout: 1.4 GPM
Shower pipe w/o shower head attached: 1.1 GPM
Tub spout pipe w/o spout attached: 1.4 GPM
Toilet in the same bathroom: 3.9 GPM
Utility sink in the basement: 9.9 GPM
Since I have great
high pressure shower heads elsewhere in the house, next I checked if there
might be something gummed up in the shower valve blocking the water flow. I
unscrewed the hot water handle and removed the cartridge, but it was nice and
clean and there didn't seem to be any blockage in the pipe, either. I turned the
water supply to flush out any unseen blockage that might be in there and just to
see how much water would come out. Lots! But when I put the cartridge back in I
got the same poor water flow. I did notice the cartridge lets water in through
two tiny little holes and thus makes a great bottleneck. It seems like it is
designed to reduce water pressure by about 80-90%. It is essentially a low-flow
shower valve and no matter what shower head I use it will provide poor water
I did some googling and called some plumbing supply stores but as far as I can
tell no one has ever heard of a low flow shower valve or low flow cartridge.
Everyone suggests checking for a partially closed shut-off valve in the line,
gunk clogging up the valve, a restrictor in the shower head, corrosion inside
galvanized pipes, or low water pressure to the entire house. I don't have any of
I asked some plumbing supply stores and a plumber, but there doesn't seem to be
a different cartridge I could buy that would increase the water flow. This
cartridge doesn't have a part number or brand name anywhere on it but it looks
like an imitation Moen cartridge. After I tried to drill it out and caused a
leak, I replaced it with an Ace hardware part called "Faucet Stem Moen Style
6S-1H/C Hot/Cold stem." It's a replacement for a Moen 1224 stem but it looks
like my shower never had a genuine Moen part.
I went to Home Depot to check out rough-in valves there, but there is no
information provided about water flow rate. On American Standard's website,
however, there are some spec sheets for their rough-in valves that give water
flow rates. My solution was to replace the rough-in valve with an American
Standard part and now my water flow rate is much improved.
I have heard that the 2.5GPM government regulation caused some manufacturers to
overcompensate and produce super-low-flow components that are way below 2.5GPM
just to be on the safe side. But as far as I know, that regulation applied to
shower heads and kitchen/bathroom faucets, not to the shower valves themselves.
It seems that my shower valve was made with stems/cartridges that are also used
for bathroom sink faucets, and those are limited to 2.2 GPM at 80PSI by law. It
just seems like a bad design to carry those parts over to a shower/tub valve. It
used to take half an hour to fill the tub, which is really annoying and benefits
no one. Now it's high flow and
pressure all the way.
How to clean a high pressure shower head and get a better shower
Is your shower head not performing like it used to? Over time, mineral
deposits can build up in your shower head. This can cause the nozzles to squirt
water in all directions or clog up completely, leaving you with poor water
pressure or low flow. Here are our top tips (listed from easiest to more
complex) to help get your shower head back to peak performance.
1 Rub the Nozzles
Many shower heads have flexible rubber nozzles. You can dislodge mineral
buildup in these nozzles by simply massaging each nozzle with your finger. You
can also try gently scrubbing the nozzles with a toothbrush.
2 Soak the Shower Head in Vinegar
There are a couple ways to do this:
If you prefer to leave the shower head attached to
the pipe coming out of the wall, you can fill a plastic bag with vinegar and
wrap it around the shower head. Secure the bag around the head with a rubber
band, tape, or a twist tie. Leave the bag around the shower head for a few
hours. Remove the bag and turn on the water for a few minutes to clear the
vinegar out of the shower head.
If you don't mind removing the head from the
shower pipe, you can submerge the shower head in a container full of white
vinegar. Let the shower head soak in the vinegar for a few hours. Re-attach
the shower head to the shower pipe and run water through the head for a few
minutes to clear out the vinegar.
How To Install Your Shower Head Blog)
3 Clean the Filter Screen
Keeping your shower head clean gives a much better shower. It is an easy job
just follow my video. You guys, vinegar right now is my favorite thing.
What can't it do?! Spoiler alert is that this works! Definitely try it out
before you buy any kind of special product for high pressure shower head
buildup. It's super cheap and easy!
Low pressure can be caused by old
galvanized pipe, which often build up deposits causing the water to be
Another cause of low pressure can be incorrect pipe size. I like to run a
3/4" trunk line with 1/2" legs to fixtures (which I think is pretty common).
Some houses have pressure reducing valves on the supply line, which are used
to control the water pressure inside the house. Here is
explaining how to adjust this valve.